Refugees from sexual discrimination Women refugees from discrimination Fleeing from active sexual prejudice towards women
Women, in particular, suffer violations on the basis of their sex which lead many to leave their own countries and arguably constitute grounds for legal asylum.
In 1993, Canada announced that it had given permission for a Saudi Arabian woman to remain after she said she would be in grave danger if she returned home because of her views on the status of women there. The Canadian Immigration and Refugee Board has reportedly made a recommendation that the "refugee" include women who can demonstrate that their countries do not provide adequate protection from sexual abuse, domestic violence, and genital mutilation, among other things.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.