Premature publicity concerning criminal trials (especially trials by jury) when critical of the accused, undermines his enjoyment of the right to a fair hearing. This is particularly true of accused persons belonging to racial or other groups against whom prejudice exists in the community in whose midst the trial is being held or will be held. In some countries, committal proceedings may be reported in the press, yet the accused may have reserved his defence and only the prosecution's case may, therefore, have been heard; such one-sided publicity may prejudice the attitude of persons later serving on a jury in the trial of the accused. In any type of judicial proceeding, and at any stage of the hearing, unfavourable and unfair publicity may work to the particular detriment of members of groups against whom prejudice already operates.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.