There are increasing numbers of people unemployed or underemployed because, despite having skills which were once relevant, they lack appropriate and up-to-date occupational skills. They are, in fact, penalized by the progress of technology. Skilled workers can seldom utilize their full potential; others perform poorly because they do not have the necessary training. There are 'holes' in the job market and unmet needs among services for which the skills have not yet been determined.
There is a current tendency for even the most highly trained professionals to find that they are a 'dime a dozen' or obsolete, while at the same time those whose vocation is to help others find that for every one person they assist, ten more people are suffering and in need of help. The vital question raised by this gap between the experience of unsatisfied needs and inadequate use of skills is why people are or are not satisfied by a particular job.