Despite its connection with many serious physical and psychological problems, sexual health is generally ignored by the medical establishment. The physical effects of sexual frustration are to blame for a large number of cases of middle and upper-class women who complain to doctors of vague general pain in the pelvis and back. Some of these women seek psychological or psychiatric help because of severe depression and anxiety, or even serious psychotic disorders. Both the medical and psychological assistance which women may seek is often ineffectual, since the therapy tends to alleviate the symptoms without determining the real causes. Women from the lower income level may suffer the same symptoms and are less likely to get successful treatment for sexual health problems since they usually visit a doctor in extreme situations and never seek help for problems with no obvious physical symptoms. The problem is even more severe for women in developing countries, because the sociological conditioning of women's attitudes towards sex are directly linked to economic status.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.