Unpredictability of judicial decisions Instability of legal judgements Inconsistent sentencing of offenders
Sentencing is subject to a form of inflation, with the judiciary increasing sentences in a pattern inconsistent both with their peers in the same country and with those in other countries. This results in significant differences in the prison population (per 100,000 of the general population) in neighbouring countries (at 1989): UK 97.4%, Turkey 95.6, Luxembourg 86.5, West Germany 84.5, Portugal 83, France 81.1, Denmark 68, Belgium 65.4, Italy 60, Sweden 56, Netherlands 40.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.