Illness induced by human intervention Anthropogenic diseases Inadequate knowledge and reporting of man-made diseases
Man-made diseases may result from biological weapons in several ways; a disease which is normally initiated by, say, the bite of an infected mosquito, may manifest itself quite differently when caused by inhalation of the pathogen; the natural defences of man towards respiratory infection can be impaired by exposure to lung irritant chemicals, so that the dissemination of a mixed chemical-biological aerosol might lead to signs and symptoms not normally associated with the pathogen used; and confusion may result from simultaneous infection by two or more different pathogens, which may in addition have a synergetic effect upon one another. In addition, new fears arise from the increasing arsenal of genetic engineering techniques which breed strains of well-known pathogens that have increased antibiotic resistance or altered biochemical and immunological characteristics that could ultimately lead to a strain of pathogen so different from its parent that it would be classified as a new disease agent.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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