Every human being has the right to freedom from hunger, that is the right to a nutritionally adequate and safe diet and is based on the human right to dignity as a person. This right to food implies a right to certain means of producing/acquiring food.
The lack of sufficient food is related to food production, distribution and income levels. Advances in food production methods have made it possible for vast regions to produce sufficient food for their populations yet they still go hungry. In 11997, over 50 million children in South Asia are undernourished, despite the regions food surplus. Some 25 million children in Latin America are inadequately feed even though their region has become, after the USA the world's major food exporter. In these situations millions of people do not have the income to buy food, the means to grow it or the goods to exchange for it.
In 1997, one person in every five never eats his fill and, far from improving, this situation is becoming worse in all countries, particularly in the third world. The scarcity and cost of foodstuffs are spreading to all parts of the world and are seriously endangering the right of every person to have a minimum amount of food to survive. Speculative dealings in foodstuffs of prime necessity by some national and international firms, especially with regard to importation and distribution, further frustrate all hope of securing everyone's right to a minimum of food.