Distortion of international trade by discriminatory formulation of health and sanitary regulations for agricultural and pharmaceutical products
Almost all countries have legislation for the protection of the health and safety of their human, animal and plant populations. The basic objective of these laws and regulations is to prevent introduction and spread of human, animal and plant diseases, to ensure adequate sanitary conditions and minimum health standards in units producing food and other articles for human and animal consumption, and to protect consumer interests by prohibiting the sale of unwholesome and contaminated food. However, such regulations may be structured so that deliberately or inadvertently they act as a barrier to trade, by being unreasonable or unnecessarily restrictive, inconsistent with regulations in other countries, or requiring excessive amounts of documentary evidence.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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