Victims of torture, if they live, may be in physical pain for years following the torment. The specific pains depend on the type of torture they had to endure. Muscles may have been torn, crushed, damaged through exposure to electricity, stretched beyond their capacity, or even destroyed. Bones may have been broken and left to mend on their own or repeatedly damaged. Tendons may be damaged. Nerves may be destroyed through exposure to electricity, heat, repeated blows, or chemicals. Ears may ring or hurt due to blows to both ears at the same time. Headaches may be the result of repeated blows to the head.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.