Due to the coercive use of economic power by transnational enterprises, successful strike action must be carried out in several countries to have its desired effect, although the international orientation of such strike action on the part of labour may lead to conflict with states. Problems may arise in that: efforts to influence a bargaining process by citing better conditions elsewhere may not always be welcome in the host country; sympathetic strikes in support of labour disputes in other countries are illegal in many places. In addition, labour has economic interests beyond working conditions; for example, barriers erected against certain imports may be considered beneficial to labour in a particular nation but detrimental to labour in the exporting country. Restrictions on the outflow of capital and technology may be favoured by labour in a home country, but undesirable from the point of view of labour in other countries.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.