Ageing industries Declining traditional industries Outdated industrial policy
Europe is losing its position in traditional industries (based on steel, agriculture and other primary commodities); it is caught between exporters in Asia and eastern Europe who rely on cheap labour, and the high-tech empires of Japan and the USA.
If the present crisis in industrialized countries as a cost crisis, the gravity of the situation is underestimated. In most of the high-tech industries of the future (information technology, genetic engineering, new materials), European industries are either not present or their presence is shrinking. At the same time Europe's traditional industrial base in chemical, automobiles, textiles and industrial automation is crumbling with the consequence of an inevitable confrontation with even higher unemployment that will linger longer than before.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.