Regional deprivation Underdeveloped regions Depressed regions
The economic, social and cultural underdevelopment of a region of a nation or extra-national political unit. This might result from geographic isolation, sparse population, cultural political or social differences. The underdevelopment of a region results in further declines in jobs and frequently declines in population due to migration to more prosperous regions.
Geography works to the disadvantage of parts of countries that are either divided from the mainland by water (from a few to a thousand or more kilometres), or isolated by mountains, desert and other inhospitable terrain. These lands may be heavily or sparsely inhabited with a population who are usually full-citizens of the state, yet they do not have a comparable standard of living. In fact their standard may be considerably lower than either that of urban or rural populations. Lack of natural resources, local industry or strategic importance perpetuates the lack of interest of central planners. In some cases these regions are the homelands of an ethnic minority whose neglect by the state occasions little political dissent.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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