Confusing green classification of consumer products Consumer rejection of environmentally friendly products Failure of green consumerism
"Ecologically-friendly" lines of supermarket products are being dropped on the basis that the environmental issues have become so muddied, the counter-claims by pressure groups and rival producers so strident, and a green price levy so inappropriate in a recession that consumers no longer know whom to trust and suspect the whole thing was dreamed up by marketing executives.
Shopping habits have been transformed by the attention focused on ecologically sound purchasing. Unleaded petrol and recycled paper has become widely available and sell well, the days of CFCs in refrigerants and aerosols are almost over, organic produce holds its, albeit minute, market share. More importantly, systemic change has occurred with the introduction of new laws has improved production standards all round. Products are more routinely rated by their full impact on the environment -- from cradle to grave. In addition, Third World commodity producers are increasingly finding fair trade opportunities with direct sales to sympathetic exporters, thus freeing them from exploitative practices of cartels and price rigging.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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