Extermination or exterminate may refer to:Pest control, elimination of insects or vermin Genocide, extermination—in whole or in part—of an ethnic, racial, religious, or national group Extermination (video game), a 2001 PlayStation 2 game by Deep Space ExtermiNation, a 2015 album by heavy metal band Raven "Exterminate!", the battle cry of the Daleks in the British television show Doctor Who "Exterminate!" (song), a 1992 song by Snap!
An extraordinary number of mammals became extinct during what is called the late Pleistocene era, which includes the time before, during, and immediately after the last ice age. It is difficult to be accurate about exactly when the mass extinctions occurred, but they seem to have been when the glaciers were retreating, about 12,000 years ago. The coincidence in time of the arrival of the first humans and the extinctions of the megafauna forms the basic evidence for an anthropogenic explanation of Pleistocene extinctions. Known as the "Pleistocene overkill hypothesis," the scenario involves rapid colonization by big game-hunting humans with large spears who extirpated the megafauna while spreading throughout the continent. Climate change is an alternative explanation of Pleistocene megafauna extinctions.