Problem

Arbitrary standards of evidence

Other Names:
Variations in requirements for proof
Nature:
The kinds of facts or evidence required to establish proof of the existence of a problem tend to vary across disciplines and social sectors. Such proof will clearly be resisted by authorities who need to protect their vested interests by denying the phenomenon as long as possible. A principal means of doing so is to impose stringent standards of proof, possibly much higher than those otherwise practised within that jurisdiction.
Incidence:
There have been many delays in officially recognizing environmental problems because of inability to establish "a link" between supposed causes and effects. Examples have included: emissions and acid rain, smoking and lung cancer, traffic emissions and ill-health.
Broader Problems:
Demanding requirements
Values:
Arbitrary
Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and CommunitiesGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions
Problem Type:
F: Fuzzy exceptional problems
Date of last update
14.02.1997 – 00:00 CET