In 1998 green crime was estimated to be worth US $40 billion a year worldwide with the mafia centrally involved. The illegal wildlife trade was reckoned to be worth $5 billion a year. Estimates suggested 15% of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in use were illegally acquired. The largest illegal trade in timber was estimated to be worth $15 billion a year.
In 1980, almost no environmental crimes were charged in Germany. In 1991, the number of charges filed was between 25,000 to 30,000, the total increasing by between 20 to 30% annually.
Investigators of eco crime in Italy have coined the term ecomafia to describe the involvement of organized crime gangs and syndicates in the illegal dumping of toxic and hazardous wastes in Italy. Each year an estimated 30 million tonnes of industrial waste in Italy goes unaccounted for, a large proportion of which finds it way to illegal dump sites around the country. Mafia involvement in illegal dumping in Italy is estimated to be worth US $182 million per year.
The World Bank said that illegal logging in 1997 was estimated to have totalled between three million and four million cubic metres (between four million and 5.3 million cubic yards), or three to eight times sustainable levels. The bank said the commercial potential of Cambodia's forests would disappear by 2002 if those rates continued.
19/5/1999 - The first-ever regional conference aimed at tackling timber smuggling from Cambodia was held in Phnom Penh in june 1999.