Abuse of police power Police malpractice Illegal law enforcement Intimidation by police officers Misuse of police authority Unfair application of police powers Misconduct of law enforcement officials
Police authority can be misused by individual officers or entire departments, or the national police force as a body may be the instrument for political repression.
Individual abuse of law enforcement authority includes extortion, accepting bribes to cover-up crime, and conspiracy or participation in criminal acts. Individual police officers may unjustly use excessive violence or unnecessarily 'shoot to kill' to apprehend or restrain criminals or suspects. Police departments, local station-houses or constabularies may have policies of protecting vice and gambling; of 'shaking-down' businesses; of harassing minorities and youths; and of maintaining officers on the payroll who are not regularly present for duty. As an instrument of the state, police may be used for surveillance, for maintaining dossiers on civilians, and for unjustly imprisoning civilians.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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