Disruptions caused by false alarms may result in public panic, which often initiates actual disasters. Moreover, the suspension of services and the evacuation of public environments because of false alerts unnecessarily paralyse commerce and personal endeavours.
A 1992 study shows the number of suspect package alerts in the London Underground quadrupled to 2,004 from 1990 to 1991. The majority of disruptions to the functioning of the Underground in 1991 were caused by 3,750 false alarms. Of the 1,000 evacuations that year, only 274 were caused by actual fires, all of which lasted no more than 3 minutes. The study estimates the cost of disruption at Â£15 million a year in lost working time (Â£10 million from fire reports and Â£5 million from suspect packages).
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
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