Ephemeral fever

Other Names:
Three-day sickness
Sandfly fever
Pappataci fever
Phlebotomus fever

A short, sharp fever due to a virus conveyed by the bite of a common sandfly Phlebotomus papatasii. The vector bites at night and has a limited flight range. Symptoms are fever, headache, weakness, nausea and pain in the limbs and back are characteristic. It is not known to cause death.


Sandfly fever occurs in parts of Europe, Africa, Asia, and Central and South America. It is a disease of sub-tropical and tropical areas with long periods of hot, dry weather.

Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 3: Good Health and Well-being
Problem Type:
E: Emanations of other problems
Date of last update
04.10.2020 – 22:48 CEST