Unbalanced application of communications technology
Gaps in telecommunications capability Inconsistent application of telecommunications technology
As developed countries set up ever more powerful, homogeneous and centralized networks of communication, less developed countries find their existing telecommunications networks often left behind. Rough terrain, a shallow technological base, extremely high initial costs, limited local technicians and sometimes aversion to foreign ways, all block the development of sophisticated local communications installations, and enlarge the gap between richer and poorer countries.
A phone call to New York takes seconds in Hong Kong. A few miles away in the People's Republic of China, the same call can take hours and cost very much more.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.