Inadequate facilities for disposal of nuclear warheads
Inadequate safety of fissile materials from dismantled warheads
Agreements to reduce nuclear arms means that ways of safely neutralizing some 12,000 high yield atomic warheads have to be found. There are four things governments cans do: (a) Keep the warheads intact, violating the treaty or at least violating the intent of the treaty. (b) Use the fissionable material for a new generation of weapons, which would achieve exactly the opposite of a nuclear arms treaty. (c) Store the plutonium, which would become the target of terrorist and tempt weapons makers for tens of thousands of years. And (d) burning the material in nuclear power generating reactors, producing nuclear waste. All but the last option would be a waste of resources and the latter would produce nuclear waste threatening the environment.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.