Retirement as a threat to psychological well-being
Elders' feeling of uselessness Diminishing role of older people due to overemphasis on economic productivity
The break in working and living habits occurring on reaching retirement age is one of the most critical points in a person's life. It is invariably a shock, in part brought about by the loss of human contact with people at work and by the permanently diminished income represented by the pension. The individual may experience difficulties in the redirection of interests and feel fear at his or her decreasing mental, physical and financial ability to cope with rapidly changing living conditions. Psychological consequences are often periods of gloom, nervous tension, unsociability, touchiness and a tendency to introversion. There is often a feeling of social uselessness, a fear of illness and obsession with death.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
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