Delays in ratification of human rights treaties Non-ratification of human rights treaties Failure of governments to implement provisions of ratified human rights agreements Non-acceptance of human rights treaties
International conventions protecting human rights are of no benefit if they are not ratified and implemented by governments. When governments delay the ratification of conventions, or when they fail to implement the provisions of conventions they have ratified, confidence in the ability of the international community to defend human rights everywhere is eroded.
The ratification by the USA (in 1990) of the United Nations Genocide Convention took 40 years, because conservative legislators argued that it was unconstitutional and could be applied against American soldiers who served in Vietnam.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.