Segregation on racial grounds in education, employment, housing, before the law or in public services, may be a matter of government policy (South Africa) or of custom and general practice. Racial segregation preserves racial conflict, prejudices and discrimination, lack of integration, lack of social mobility, and inequalities.
The phenomenon of racial segregation has appeared in all parts of the world where there are bi-racial communities, except where racial amalgamation has occurred on a large scale, as in Hawaii and Brazil. The problem of racial segregation is most acute in South Africa.
The self-image of the Gypsies is also partly responsible for the segregation. Although justified in recognising their frequent discrimination by the majority, Gypsies pose themselves in a position of the eternally humiliated and harmed. That is only natural as long as it is part of the picture, but it is dangerous once it gets be one of the basic elements of their national identity. It is not possible to live from such negative values. The injustice is real, but identity based on it is a false one.