Uncertainty of development expenditures due to floating-rate loans
Although most cross-border lending, other than short-term, is advanced at floating rates, many developing country borrowers would prefer fixed-rate loans. The ability to predict accurately the cost of credit, which is impossible with floating rates, would permit these countries to engage in more accurate cost-benefit analysis. If a bank lends at a fixed rate, it must absorb the impact of interest rate fluctuations. The impact of a variable rate is absorbed by the customer.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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