Refusal by the authorities, governmental or private, to grant licences to broadcasting stations, film or theatre clubs may serve the same function as censorship. Licences may be distributed as a matter of governmental policy (particularly with broadcasting) and may be issued in such a way as to support the administration. Alternatively, broadcasting licences may be distributed on the basis of commercial performance. The authorities may refuse to renew licences where broadcasting stations have not met their requirements. Films in many countries require a licence to be shown and this may be refused on the grounds of immorality or obscenity, and private film and theatre clubs may be closed on these grounds if they do not comply with the law. Refusal of licence for the media may result in cultural stagnation, indoctrination and conformism, may serve to strengthen government control or political dictatorship, or may give rise to a counter culture.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.