Zionism is a Jewish nationalist movement that has had as its goal the creation and support of a Jewish national state in Palestine, the ancient homeland of the Jews. Having created this state, national aspirations conflict with those of the surrounding Arab countries and the Palestinian Arabs who live either within Israel or exiled elsewhere. The conflict is originally based on territorial dispute but has become divided on religious and ideological grounds: in the first instance Judaism against Islam (including all Muslims, not just Arabs), and in the second, capitalism versus communism, because of the very close affiliations of the USA with Israel and the sympathy of western Europe for the Jewish national state.
Sympathy for Zionism may exist among Jewish communities worldwide, but the embodiment of the idea lies solely within the Jewish state. Armed conflict between the Arab countries and Israel has existed since 1967, with support from the USA to Israel and from the USSR to the Arab countries. American citizens may take Israeli citizenship and fight in the Israeli army without giving up their American nationality – a provision which applies to no other country.
Zionism has proved to be a kind of fascism and emerges as one of the more reactionary trends in modern racialism. The 1914 initiative to establish the state of Israel has been ruthlessly and single-mindedly executed by diplomatic and military means at the expense of the humanitarian considerations of others.
Zionism is a legitimate attempt to unify the Jewish people following centuries of discrimination and physical violence against them. Much of the territory of the present state of Israel is of deep significance to the Jews as their ancient homeland, with all the spiritual associations that this implies. In the absence of such territory the spiritual and cultural values of the Jewish people, together with their rights as a people, are placed in continuing jeopardy.