Counterfeit documents False bills of sale False invoices False product orders Bogus financial transactions
Emission of false invoices has been a continuing source of major scandal in France, notably affecting the process of funding political campaigns in the 1980s. Arms traffickers have been using the name of Bolivia in 1992 in order to purchase weapons costing up to $300 million for Croatia and other former Yugoslav republics in order to circumvent the United Nations arms embargo. Arms would for example be shipped from China to Bolivia to Yugoslavia on the basis of falsified orders purporting to come from the Bolivian Defence Ministry. Arms merchants in other Latin American countries have also been duped into shipping military equipment to a fake destination so that it can be diverted to destinations such as Yugoslavia.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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