Threatened ecosystems of Mediterranean sclerophyll woodland

Other Names:
Endangered habitats of open sclerophyllous trees and shrubs
Mediterranean chapparal under threat

Mediterranean shrublands and woodlands occur in only five parts of the world, yet host more than one-fifth of all known plant species on Earth. Increased fire frequency is threatening the historic shrub lands and converting them to annual grasslands. The threats to these habitats include those from grazing, agriculture, timber harvest and urbanisation.


In California, USA, land use patterns have changed. From the 1920's through to the early 1970's, fire was used to eliminate shrub land. This management practice was used because it was thought to increase water yields, resulting in increased grassland production. Urban residents' use of forested areas for recreational purposes and careless agricultural burning, also cause many fires.

Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 10: Reduced InequalityGOAL 15: Life on Land
Problem Type:
E: Emanations of other problems
Date of last update
04.10.2020 – 22:48 CEST