Inadequate quality Poor quality Reduced quality Declining standards of quality
Quality is a slippery concept which carries a variety of meanings and serves variety of purposes. One person's "high quality" may be an old-fashioned conceit, and their "poor quality" or another's sufficiency.
It is a notion with both absolute and relative measures, and varies according to the age and environment. The traditional approach to quality speaks of high standards of production, delivery and presentation. This suggests the kind of perfection that goes with no expense being spared, or the best that money can buy. It confers exclusiveness and status on the customer. It has class connotations: "the Quality" was once a phrase used by working-class people to describe the upper classes. The scientific approach to quality is based on the idea not of perfection but of "fitness for purpose". It involves the specification of standards to which goods or services must conform and is driven by experts ("scientific managers"), who set standards and monitoring outcomes. It grew out of the era of mass production and assembly-line working, and uses techniques such as such as performance measurement and auditing. Its limitation is that it is a closed system which finds it difficult to reconcile often radically different perceptions of providers and the public. Its opposite in this sense is the excellence approach to quality, which is a measure not of fitness for purpose but of customer satisfaction.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
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