Women soldiers Discrimination against women in military forces Sexual harassment in armed forces Active prejudice towards female soldiers
In the USA in 1990, official reports indicated that more than one third of the women surveyed experienced some form of direct harassment, including touching, rape and pressure for sexual favours.
Women military personnel have a high attrition rate due to pregnancy, up to 1 in 10 of enlisted women. Fraternization and providing separate bathrooms and sleeping quarters interfere with combat division operations. Protectiveness of men toward women hampers combat performance. Women have less strength and endurance than men. Politically women in combat is impossible. The prospect of having mothers and daughters return home in body bags is far more repellent than fathers and sons killed in action.
In a high tech army strength and endurance is of little consequence. Women can be as or more ruthless as men. In many types of duty women are frequently more qualified than available men. Third world and peoples' guerrilla armies make far use of women soldiers than western countries.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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