Antiquated intellectual methods Faulty approaches in the teaching of intellectual methods
People are not given adequate methods for using their own intellectual powers. Most methods for appropriating information, including study methods are linear, and non-selective of content. Most techniques for recalling information rely on the rational dimensions of thinking and seldom the non-rational. Most approaches for creating responses are non-analytic. There are few techniques by which one can group the concepts and facts necessary to make responsible decisions. Methods, now coming into vogue, which are non-linear tend to deny the validity of linear methods, creating a rational, non-rational dichotomy.
Most people are using methods of thinking and study which do not allow for organizing, understanding and communicating the high daily input of data they receive. They are inappropriate to human depths. Nineteenth century or mediaeval approaches are used instead of post-modern methods. This results in most people being unable to relate themselves rationally, dynamically and with depth to the day-to-day experience of life. Thought patterns tend to be either mechanical and cause-and-effect oriented, or emotive. Those intellectual methods that have been developed to utilize both the irrational and the intuitive are generally not available.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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