Warfare experiments designed to give actual experience in the treatment of wounds, the effects of chemicals and drugs, and general practice in military manoeuvres, are often carried out with animals as both the subjects and targets, as the effects and their reactions come closest to approximating those which will be found among humans.
From 1978-1984, India, Bangladesh and Malaysia stopped exporting rhesus monkeys to the West when it was discovered that they were used in military experiments. In 1984, NATO troops participated in a military exercise in northern Norway where 6 pigs were shot in the leg from 10 yards away and then shot in the abdomen at close range. Medical treatment followed, and after the operation was completed, the pigs were burned in order to provide experience in destroying bodies on a battlefield.
Such brutal experiments deny animal rights and denigrate man to depths of insensitivity and brutality. It is a sad reflection upon man that he spends his talents and time upon such pursuits as inflicting suffering on innocent and helpless animals. The use of animals for such purposes is also a direct insult to people who regard such depravity as a violation of their own religions traditions and national cultures and principles.
The use of animals is the only realistic way to train surgeons and medical personnel in the treatment of casualties and to deduce probable effects of chemicals, etc, on human populations.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.