Poor working conditions Adverse working environment Denial of right to favourable work conditions International imbalance of quality of working life Inequitable labour standards Sweatshop conditions Sweat shops
Without strong trade union organization and collective bargaining procedures, employers can lay down unfavourable working conditions for their workers. The worker's interests are sacrificed to the objective of speeding up the development of the national economy. The situation is perpetuated so long as there is a supply of cheap labour unprotected by effective unions. Those most often victimized are women and children, ethnic minorities and the handicapped.
In spite of improvements introduced through protective social legislation, as well as through humanitarian policies adopted by some employers, inhumane working conditions can still found in most countries, particularly in industrializing areas where population density is high or rural conditions poor.
The lack of fair labour standards retards social development and causes political unrest. It also causes alienation and crime.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
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