Unrecognized marriages Invalidity of marriage Irregular marriages
A marriage is not valid if it does not comply with the conditions laid down by the law. Foreign marriages may not be recognized if the parties were considered as not being competent to enter into marriage by the law of the country involved. Non-recognition of marriage may cause complications regarding the legitimacy of children, their nationality, property rights and liabilities; and in the event of divorce.
Non-valid marriages may include bigamous marriages, child marriage, polygamous marriage, and marriage forbidden on racial, ideological or other grounds. The former Soviet Union forbade the marriage of Soviet citizens to foreigners. In many African countries, race inter-marriage is forbidden. Under Islamic law a woman may not marry a non-Muslim, and under Jewish law husband and wife must be Jew and Jewess, but either of them may become so after having been received into the Jewish community. Bigamous and polygamous marriages will be invalid where they are not accepted by the law. Child marriage is considered invalid in most countries, but may be accepted as a custom, as in India.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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