Active prejudice towards migrant workers and their families Denial of rights to foreign residents Prejudicial treatment of non-nationals Discrimination against non-citizens
Domestic laws may discriminate against individuals who are not citizens of the country in which they live, especially regarding the rights to freely leave and re-enter the country, to be joined by family members, and to benefit from government social welfare schemes.
Discrimination against immigrants and aliens may occur in housing, education, employment, public services, politics and before the law. It may also take the form of restricted entry or expulsion of immigrants and aliens, or exclusion from citizenship. Discrimination fosters segregation, lack of integration of foreigners and immigrants into society, and social and racial conflict when immigrants cannot find employment but are eligible for social security benefit; they are resented by the indigenous population which is unwilling to pay, through taxes, for the maintenance of foreigners or naturalized citizens.
All unsettled groups who live among settled peoples have always seemed to be convenient scapegoats.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.