Loss of sense of time Inability to organize time Temporal illiteracy Poor time-keeping Elastic time structures Undisciplined concepts of time
Some people, especially in certain developing cultures, do not structure time in ways which permit them to follow programmes which require actions at different stages. In the simplest case, medical prescriptions involving a course of treatment over a period of several months cannot be followed because the person forgets to take a pill after the first few days. This is especially important in the treatment of leprosy, for example, which requires regular doses over an extended period.
The process of economic development is seriously impeded by the time values of local cultures, especially as interpreted by the indigenous labour force but also at the policy, planning and managerial levels. Workers in certain cultures are slothful, unpredictable and unreliable and have no sense of the future or of how to plan ahead. In the light of the values of industrialized societies they are unpunctual and undisciplined, caring only for the moment. In such cultures people tend to be settled into traditional behaviour patterns, are slow to initiate new activities and slow to react to new possibilities.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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