A large number of government and social restriction to the creation of small business discourage the development of new businesses and the slow down and stagnation of the national economy. The tax structure of the country may deter investment in small businesses. High corporate taxes deter the creation of new companies. High personal taxes for executive discourage individual from becoming managers. Future profits may be taxed. Penalties for underestimating tax bills may be high. Government repayment of over paid taxes may be slow, further disrupting cash flow. Inheritance taxes may be high. The employment structure may discourage the growth of companies. An extremely large number of professions needing to be certified slows the growth of the professions and burdens employers. Small businesses may be required to hire only union members. Social costs and employee taxes may prohibit hiring additional employees, stopping growth. Commercial skills may be lacking. Technically qualified entrepreneurs may lack business skills. The education system may no offer sufficient commercial or business education. The financial climate may discourage new businesses by limiting access to loans.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.