The USA Customs Service estimates that about 10% of all imports are fraudulent. In fiscal years 1984 and 1985, only 27% of the textile and apparel imports involved in customs fraud were even detected. In Italy in 1993, cigarette smuggling was estimated to have cost the treasury Â£685 million in lost revenue.
For several years a Japanese car manufacturer exported to the European Union, from Hungary, vehicles essentially Japanese in origin. The manufacturer claimed the cars were of Hungarian origin, in order to take advantage of the duty-free treatment enjoyed by Hungarian exports. The fraud was uncovered in 1998.