Failure to conform to international health standards
Failure to respect internationally agreed toxicity thresholds
Authorities in one country tend, on specific issues, to fail to conform to internationally accepted health standards, or to conform to weaker standards when more recent research indicates that stronger standards are called for.
In 1985 in the UK it was reported that 49 pesticides in current use were probably carcinogenic, and that 38 of the most popular pesticides used were banned or severely restricted in other western countries. On examination of the scientific literature concerning the pesticides approved by the Ministry of Agriculture, 164 of 426 approved pesticides were known or suspected of causing a range of problems including cancer, birth defects, genetic defects, or irritations and allergies. About one third of these pesticides are approved for use on food products.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.