Industry self-regulation is the introduction and adaptation of business practices to meet ethical, professional, social and environmental criteria, with self-imposed standards, guidelines, targets and monitoring systems -- possibly enforced by endorsed codes of practice, membership of professional and trade associations, and non-regulatory agreements, the latter being sets of principles for action intended to influence the conduct of business (typically based on exhortation with no compliance requirements, and intended to influence both external regulation and self-regulation of the industry). Self-regulation usually originates is large international companies providing leadership to the industry as a whole. The benefits and experience they achieve can be passed on, through trade and professional associations and codes of practice, to smaller companies who might otherwise escape the regulatory net.
In 1992, only 5 of the 35 tourist companies which even responded to an industry questionnaire, stated that they had specifically implemented codes of practice or guidelines promoted by a specific group (such as the Himalayan Tourist Code).
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.