Segregation is the establishment by law or custom of separate (and often inferior) facilities for social, ethnic or religious groups by providing separate educational, recreational, and other services. Segregation inevitably results in discrimination in favour of one group over the other or others. The word covers a whole range of discriminatory practices including the denial of employment and voting rights and prohibition against intermarriage. More generally speaking, it also occurs in education, housing, public services and on age, sexual and class grounds.
Characteristic of societies with complex class systems, it manifests itself in areas as widely apart as India (caste system), Asia and the Middle East, as well as South Africa and North America. The implication that segregation was a natural phenomenon assisted its growth.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.