Megacity crisis

Other Names:
Negative environment of megacities

Megacities are largely a phenomenon of the developing world. It is predicted that in a few years' time, the urban population of the developing world will be twice as big as that of the industrialized countries.


London and New York were for many years the largest cities in the world with around a million people.  With a later definition of a "megacity" as a city with a population of over 5 million inhabitants, then in 1950 Mexico City was the only one in the developing world to qualify for that name. 32 more cities have become 'megacities' (by the year 2000, there will be at least 35). In 1990, the 33 largest cities comprised


Megacities now tend to be described as cities having more than 10 million inhabitants. By the year 2015, the 10 largest cities in the world will be in Asia, Latin America and Africa. While Tokyo, with 28.7 million inhabitants, is expected to be the largest and only one among the world's megacities located in the developed world, the remaining nine will all be in developing countries: Bombay, India (27.4 million); Lagos, Nigeria (24.4); Shanghai, China (23.4); Jakarta, Indonesia (21.2); Sao Paulo, Brazil (20.8); Karachi, Pakistan (20.6); Beijing, China (19.4); Dhaka, Bangladesh (19); and Mexico City, Mexico (18.8).

Managing urban growth
Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and CommunitiesGOAL 13: Climate ActionGOAL 15: Life on Land
Problem Type:
D: Detailed problems
Date of last update
13.05.2019 – 20:00 CEST