Cooptation of private sector initiatives by government
Small private enterprises wishing to attain greater levels of self-reliance and autonomy are permanently threatened by the cooptive strategies of the state, political parties and other institutions which operate according to a logic of power. Cooptation is critical in shaping the articulations between local organizations and global processes. It is achieved through the identification and political manipulation of social actors. This invariably leads not only to loss of their identity but also to actions that ultimately defeat their endogenous objectives. The organizations lose control over their own resources and their own destiny.
Especially in developing countries, economic micro-organizations and social movements are frequently neutralized by a political landscape dominated by pyramidal structures in which struggles for hegemony are constantly taking place.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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