In order to build an economic base, make long-range plans and utilize maximum production capability, rural communities need a system of land allocation responsive to internal and external market needs. This is particularly true in communities where little land is available. At present, old patterns of land allocation in many communities prohibit economic growth. Such allocation is traditionally related to ownership rather than production. Much of the land is divided into small plots designed to produce the daily needs of one or more families, and not cultivated to produce crops for outside markets. The system of land caretakers when owners are away prohibits full use of some good productive land; and the complexity of land procurement and the tradition of short-range production schemes deter effective allocations. Ownership as the only relationship to land use thus serves to prohibit maximum productivity.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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