Problem

Denial of human rights


Experimental visualization of narrower problems
Other Names:
Deprivation of human rights
Infringement of human rights
Violation of human rights
Human rights abuse
Repression of human rights
Nature:

Active repression of human rights (including the right to work, education, social security, health, national self-determination, individual liberty, freedom of thought, expression, movement, privacy, religion, and ideology) or passive refusal to ensure human rights, usually on the part of governments, but also on the part of groups and individuals, occurs regardless of constitutions, legal provisions and bona fide statements. Human societies are so organized that in practice they tend to deny at least some of man's inalienable rights to some of its members on the grounds of race, colour, sex, language, religion, political opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. The widespread violations of human rights over the globe relate to the insecurity of governments that do not have a broad popular support; to the need to maintain national security in times of real or perceived external threat; to the imposition of a form of organization of society on the minority or majority that do not accept it; to the maintenance of political stability seen as a sine qua non for economic and social progress; to, sometimes, the personal idiosyncracies or perversity of dictators; and, perhaps, to the conception of power seen and lived as limitless, by conviction or tactic.

Background:

As the notion of human rights has come to be understood in contemporary international usage, it means a set of justifiable or legitimate claims with at least six features: (a) they impose duties of performance or forbearance upon all appropriately situated human beings, including governments; (b) they are possessed equally by all human beings regardless of laws, customs, or agreements; (c) they are of basic importance to human life; (d) they are properly sanctionable and enforceable upon default by legal means; (e) they have special presumptive weight in constraining human action; and (f) they include a certain number that are considered inalienable, indefensible, and unforfeitable.

It can be argued that denial of human rights does not constitute infringement or violation of human rights, since denial can be considered merely an attitude without any active consequence in society. However, it can also be argued, notably in the case of gender discrimination, that denial is in itself an insidious form of violation which is equally harmful to its victims.

Incidence:

According to the United Nations, half the world's people experience some human rights abuse. Halfway through 1993, the UN Centre for Human Rights had received 125,000 claims of violation of human rights, three times the total for the whole of 1992. In the first three months of 1993, it also received reports of 5,000 people who had disappeared.

Saudi Arabian scholars and religious leaders who, in 1993, set up a human rights committee have been dismissed from their jobs and their group declared illegal and unacceptable under Islam by the country's highest clerical body.

Related Problems:
Crimes against humanity
Organizations:
International Federation of Human Rights Leagues (IFHR)
International Society for Human Rights (ISHR)
Arab Organization for Human Rights (AOHR)
Association of Human Rights Institutes (AHRI)
European Association for the Defence of Human Rights (AEDH)
International Council Supporting Fair Trial and Human Rights (ICSFT)
International Federation of Health and Human Rights Organisations (IFHHRO)
International Society for Health and Human Rights (ISHHR)
Latin American Association for Human Rights
Southeast Asian Human Rights Studies Network (SEAHRN)
West African Network for Human Rights Defenders (WAHRDN)
African Centre for Democracy and Human Rights Studies (ACDHRS)
African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights (ACHPR)
Arab Commission for Human Rights (ACHR)
Arab Institute for Human Rights (AIHR)
Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC)
Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (CIHRS)
Coalition for an Effective African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights (African Court Coalition)
Committee of NGOs on Human Rights, Geneva
CONGO Committee on Human Rights
European Coordination Committee on Human Rights Documentation (ECCHRD)
European Instrument for Democracy and for Human Rights (EIDHR)
European Network of National Human Rights Institutions (ENNHRI)
Geneva Centre for Human Rights Advancement and Global Dialogue (GCHRAGD)
Geneva for Human Rights - Global Training (GHR)
Global Campus of Human Rights
Human Rights Committee (CCPR)
Human Rights without Frontiers International (HRWF)
Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR)
International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI)
International Institute for Human Rights, Environment and Development (INHURED International)
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
OSCE - Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (OSCE/ODIHR)
South Asia Human Rights Documentation Centre (SAHRDC)
United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC)
West and Central Africa Human Rights Training Institute (WACAHRI)
Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 1: No Poverty
Problem Type:
C: Cross-sectoral problems
Date of last update
25.06.2020 – 19:03 CEST