Limited community development planning Disorganized community plans Ineffective local planning Poor organization of community environment Minimal community organization Minimal community services Socially disorganized areas
Without an effective organizational structure, the rapid social and economic development of a community is impossible. Although some communities are consciously arranging the comfort and appearance of public space and buildings so they are both functional and motivating, and many developing communities are also providing utilities and facilities to encourage commercial and industrial expansion, others are less well planned. Different sectors of a town are accustomed to acting autonomously, so that individual groups pursue different aims and programmes.
The dangerous conditions of roads and pathways may isolate the population both from the outside world and from each other during the winter months; business and industrial development may be hindered by inadequate facilities and services, such as limited water supply and the continued utilization of informal and time-consuming building construction systems; no consultation room may have been found and arranged for the district doctor as a necessary preliminary for scheduled weekly clinic hours; community events may be inhibited, public communication undermined and recreational activities limited due to neglect of school buildings and sports fields, and inadequate areas for public gatherings; poor television reception and lack of cultural focus may cut people off from interchange with the outside world. All of these factors lead to a feeling of isolation, blocking community initiative.
In the face of immediate and long range issues, communities need to rediscover their social unity. The quickening pace of community development demands clear, precise planning and constant thinking through by the whole community: skilful projection is needed to finance and negotiate essential public services; sites need to be chosen and prepared for the new industries; untapped resources must be surveyed; statistics must be compiled; planning of road systems and housing rehabilitation requires full participation of all.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
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