On 29 October 1999 the European Commissioner for Health and Consumer Protection, announced restrictions on the import of horses from the United States in order to avoid West Nile Fever (WNF) from infected regions being imported into Community territory. WNF is a virus which is transmitted mainly by mosquitoes and birds. Humans and horses are dead-end hosts. After incubation period of 5 and 15 days symptoms from mild flu-like illness up to severer encephalitis can occur. Imports of horses are only permitted on certification that they have not been resident in New York City and the States of New York, Connecticut and New Jersey (where the virus was found) during the last 15 days or have not been in contact with horses which have been resident on infected holdings during the last 15 days. The decision shall apply until 31 January 2000.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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