[Developing countries] In varying degrees, developing countries lack adequate social discipline. There are deficiencies in their legislation and in law observance and enforcement. Public officials disregard the rules and directives that they should follow. Often they act in collusion with powerful persons and groups whose conduct it is theoretically their function to regulate. These tendencies act as impediments to policy making and policy implementation. Due to such laxity, arbitrariness and licentiousness, there is a widespread resistance to public controls; exploitation of such weaknesses leads to unjust enrichment of persons who have economic, social and political power.