Magic is the practice of occult arts and rites to influence the natural or supernatural world. It is usually taken to be black magic, or harmful and is generally held as unacceptable in developed society. In primitive society it is still an integral part of daily living and may conflict with attempts to integrate tribes into developing society. While most magic practised by tribes is beneficial it is usually incompatible with modernized living patterns.
In developed society covens and small groups which practice black magic exist and appear to attract a fringe of dabblers and dilettantes who are often rich and well-educated. In primitive societies the practice of magic is widespread, although diminishing with the influence of 'advanced' culture.
Science is simply a conceptually narrower form of magic. Both are attempts to control events, both have a strong faith in the order and uniformity of nature and both believe in invariable natural laws.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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